The Gypsy and Traveller Accommodation Assessment carried out in September 2013 identified a need for 90 additional residential pitches by 2020, plus a further 80 transit pitches within the district of Mendip. At present, Mendip District Council does not provide any gypsy or traveller sites within the district.
Irish Travellers are a traditionally nomadic group with origins in Ireland who possess a separate identity, heritage, and culture to the community in general. An Irish Traveller presence can be traced back to 12th Century Ireland, with migrations to Great Britain in the early 19th Century. The Irish Traveller community is categorised as an ethnic minority group under the Race Relations Act, 1976 (amended 2000); the Human Rights Act 1998; and the Equality Act 2010.
Romany Gypsies have been in Britain since at least 1515 after migrating from continental Europe during the Roma migration from India. The term Gypsy is a corruption of “Egyptian” which is what the settled population perceived them to be because of their dark complexion. Linguistic analysis of the Romani language proves that Romani Gypsies, like the European Roma, originally came from Northern India, probably around the 12th century.
There are also Traveller groups which are known as ‘cultural’ rather than ‘ethnic’ Travellers. These include ‘new’ Travellers and ‘Showmen’. New Travellers are generally people who have taken to life ‘on the road’ in their own lifetime, though some New Traveller families claim to have been on the road for three consecutive generations. Show People are a cultural minority that have owned and operated funfairs and circuses for many generations and their identity is connected to their family businesses. Most Show People belong to the Showmen’s Guild which is an organization that provides economic and social regulation and advocacy for Show People.
‘Non-Brick-And-Mortar’ refers to people who live in dwellings that are literally not made of bricks and mortar. These include timber-framed properties, straw bale houses, earth ships (which are built using recycled material such as car tyres), tents (yurts, tipis), caravans, etc. Many non-bricks-and-mortar dwellings are eco-houses or low-impact development (LID).
The consultation so far:
Since June 2017, we have listened to a diverse group of people talking about things that affect the traditional Traveller and Gypsy families; and our non-bricks-and-mortar residents. We have also listened to the related issues that can impact on the wider ‘settled’ community.
Our consultations have engaged with members of the travelling and the non-bricks-and-mortar communities, as well as with other Glastonbury residents.
We have identified a number of key issues, which are detailed below. Concerns about the negative impact of the legal proceedings undertaken by Mendip District Council to secure the eviction of the people occupying ‘the Morlands tolerated travellers site’ – land which is actually owned by the District Council at the former tannery works. These concerns include:
- “Lack of adequate local authority provided sites.”
- “Moving travellers on through enforcement may mean they relocate just yards away!”
- “Travellers have a right to harassment free lives.”
- “Enforcement powers exist, yet are expensive to uphold, also there is a shortage of police resource.”
- “The people occupying the land [the Morlands site] have not been a cause of complaints to the neighbouring residents and have not caused a nuisance.”
Consulting with residents living at the tolerated site, they raised deep concerns about their future and the uncertainties associated with the eviction notice. Many of these residents work in Glastonbury, some are self employed or run small businesses in the area, in addition, there are a number of families who have children attending the local schools. “If we’re evicted by Mendip, we’ll have nowhere to go.”
Other concerns were expressed about long-term roadside parking of live-in vehicles and caravans in Glastonbury’s residential areas.
This was particularly highlighted on Bretenoux Road in the Actis Estate, where the large number of live-in vehicles (14 vehicles in December 2016) were seen as indicative of a “bigger issue around homelessness” by many of the ‘settled’ residents. Others highlighted the lack of both temporary and permanent travellers’ sites in Mendip: “What happens when they are moved on?” Others saw the vehicles as “an eyesore” and a threat. “There’s a real possibility of additional vans in the area [Bretenoux Road] if the Morlands site is cleared!”
There were concerns about the lack of adequate sanitation provision for people occupying live-in vehicles and caravans parked up on roadsides, and safeguarding issues raised around young children living on the edge of the road, near traffic.
“Mendip should provide a legitimate site – properly managed with adequate facilities. Living this lifestyle leaves no carbon footprint – many [Travellers] are working, pay tax, and live ordinary lives – just not-bricks-and-mortar.”